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1100 - The 12th Century
The twelfth century saw the rediscovery of Latin and Greek texts in the Renaissance of Byzantine art and the growing demand for education lead to an increasing number of universities in Europe, such as in Oxford and Paris. The Gothic style developed in Paris in the mid 1100s and alongside the Romanesque movement began to spread through Europe. Pilgrimage and war helped spread these ideas. In Europe the twelfth century was dominated by the Christian Church. The crusading order of the Knights of the Templar was founded and by 1187 Crusader armies were marching through the mainland in Christian attempts to reclaim Muslim governed land in the near-East and Islamic Spain. Twelfth century Europe was equally defined by improvements made in social organisation, education technology, intellectual pursuit and improvements in judicial systems making many European countries into more defined states. In the rest of the world the twelfth century saw the foundations of the Inca state, the rise to power of Great Zimbabwae the dominance of Samurai warriors in Japan and the emergence of Pueblo culture in North America. The establishment of the Dehli Sultinate 1206-1526 marked a new era for Asia as immigrants from central Asia and Persia brought concepts of Kingship, built cities and founded empires and India was incorporated into the cultural scope of Islam.
Michelangelo - Copyright 2008 - This project has been funded with support from the European Commission