Lifelong Learning Programme

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Art Sources Review

Title of Product:

The Cartusians’ Locations in Poland- the “beyond borders located heritage”

Country: Poland
Century: 1300 - The 14th Century
Topic: The Cartusians’ Locations in Poland
Image of the product:

Name of Author(s): The Order monks
Name of Producer: Net periodic:””
Language/s of Product: Polish
Website of the product:
Target Group: General audience
Overall Evaluation: excellent
Availability of community:
Objectives & Structure:
Aspects to consider:
- The website gives the historic and cultural background of the Order’s heritage and its recognizable character
- Analyzing the differences in manners of various monks’ orders
- Orders, their localities, and their local recognition by forms and visible remains
- Possibility of constructing a stylish order’s memorial, etc.
Description of contents:
The Cartusians appeared at the borders of the Poland’s medieval lands in the first years of XIV century, just then there were founded two Cartusians’ locations in Spisz (Letanovce and Lechnica, the latter known also as the Red Monastery). The important place from which there radiated the Cartusian spirit towards Poland was Prague during the Luxemburg’s dynasty. From the Prague’s Domus Corti Beatae Mariae (1342) there was selected the first staff for the cartusian locations in Grabowo by Szczecin (1360) and in Kartuzy by Gdansk. Those two monasteries together with others (Darlowo-1399, Frankfurt by Odre-1399, Swidwin-1442) possessed to the Saxonian Province established in 1412. In the medieval years there was also founded a Cartusian location in Silesia- in Legnica: from the Prince Ludwik II’s inspiration. Altogether, all the enumerated order houses were situated outside the Kingdom of Poland during the last Piasts’ reigning time and the initial phase of the Jagiellonian dynasty.
Only, by means of the decisions of the Second Treaty of Torun in 1466, the Gdansk Pomerania was incorporated by Poland, and that way the Cartusians’ location by Gdańsk fond its place inside Poland. The Protestants’ reform resulted in abolishing all the enumerated Cartusians’ locations. Only by means of assistance of the Rhein Province monasteries the Cartusian regained their location in Kartuzy, from which there was given forward the staff for the 2new foundations: in Gidle-1642 and in Bereza Kartuska-1648.
There were numerous trials of introducing Cartusians in bigger quantities in the Medieval Polish Kingdom, initiated also by King Wladyslaw Jagiello himself, nevertheless Cisters, Benedictines, Camedules were beyond all doubts much more numerous.
The Cartusians’ location in Gidle finished its function in 1819, the same situation was with Kartuzy in 1823, and with Bereza Kartuska in 1831. The Cartusian monks wrote their names for ever in the places, where their monasteries stood. We can mention chronicles, histories, memorials, artistic dedications. At present a few Polish people live inside the former Cartusians’ monasteries.

Evaluation and Comments:
Overall Evaluation: excellent
Clarity of structure, logical sequence of contents: excellent
Usability / easiness of navigation: excellent
The website is interesting / stimulating: excellent
Educational and learning value: excellent
Quality and relevancy of content: excellent
Compatibility of the content with the target group: excellent
Suitability and quality of graphic interface: excellent
Degree and quality of interaction: excellent
Exploitation of the electronic potential: excellent
Availability and quality of simulation exercises: excellent
Quality of the evaluation tools: excellent
Possibility of printing/saving material or tests: excellent
Description of how the website can be used with the students::
- The website is abundant with examples of incorporations and introductions of orders’ foundations and their forever local heritages and cultural meetings with history by day to day peregrinations.

- The manners, cultural correspondence and heritage can be observed and elaborated by the students within “beyond border context”.
Evaluation Date: 01.09.2008.
Name of teacher: Gabriela Kurowska
Name of School: The Gallery of Art in Gdansk
Country: Poland
Subjects Taught: Fine Arts

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